U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Engineering and Construction Bulletin
Subject: Non-Chemical Treatment of Cooling Tower Water
Applicability: Directive and Guidance
Non-chemical treatment of cooling tower water has been found to be a viable option for many projects. Significant water and cost savings can be realized depending on the projects cooling systems size, amount of yearly operating time for the system and condition of the make-up water. There are various types of non-chemical treatment such as: hydrodynamic cavitation, pulsed and static electric field, ultra-sonic, and magnetic. CERL has performed a study on Zeta Rod Water Management Systems, a type of non-chemical treatment (High Voltage Capacitance Based – HVCB) used on the cooling systems at four U.S military bases. The bases selected had a wide range of make-up water use and climatic conditions. This system operated by installing insulated high voltage electrodes into the cooling tower piping creating a strong electrostatic field in the water stream.